Kutluhan Aktar
Published © CC BY

Create a People Counter Controlled by an Android App

Make a people counter that detects the number of people who enter the room using lasers and LDRs and control it with an Android app.

IntermediateFull instructions provided5 hours7,977
Create a People Counter Controlled by an Android App

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
×1
HC-06 Bluetooth Module
×1
Breadboard (generic)
Breadboard (generic)
×2
Photo resistor
Photo resistor
×3
Laser Module
×3
Buzzer
Buzzer
×1
RGB Led Module
×1
LED (generic)
LED (generic)
×3
Resistor 1k ohm
Resistor 1k ohm
×3
Resistor 221 ohm
Resistor 221 ohm
×3
Battery
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE
MIT App Inventor
MIT App Inventor

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

peoplecounter_J375iBnBF8.aia

The code file of People Counter!

peoplecounter_uBf7MU4A1c.apk

The Apk file of People Counter!

Schematics

Fritzing Picture

Code

PeopleCounter_with_Lasers.ino

Arduino
     /////////////////////////////////////////////  
    //    Create a People Counter with Lasers  //
   //           on an Android Device          // 
  //             by Kutluhan Aktar           // 
 //                                         //
/////////////////////////////////////////////


// The purpose of the project is to make a people counter that detects the number of people who enter the room using lasers and LDRs and control it with an android app.
//
// Connect the one leg of an LDR to the GND with 1K ohm resistor.
//
// Make sure the lasers are toward to the LDRs directly.
//
// If you want that the results of the people counter is accurate, please set the optimum level of LDRs correctly.
//
//
// Connections:
//
// Arduino Uno
//                                Laser_Module_1
// Pin 2  ------------------------
//                                Laser_Module_2
// Pin 3  ------------------------
//                                Laser_Module_3
// Pin 4  ------------------------
//                                Buzzer
// Pin 5  ------------------------
//                                HC-06 Bluetooth Module
// Pin 6  ------------------------TX
// Pin 7  ------------------------RX
//                                Control_Led_1
// Pin 8  ------------------------
//                                Control_Led_2
// Pin 12 ------------------------
//                                Control_Led_3
// Pin 13 ------------------------
//                                RGB_Module
// Pin 9  ------------------------R
// Pin 10 ------------------------G
// Pin 11 ------------------------B
//                                LDR_1
//     AO ------------------------
//                                LDR_2
//     A1 ------------------------
//                                LDR_3
//     A2 ------------------------


                               
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

int LaserPin_1 = 2; // Define the laser sensors' pins.
int LaserPin_2 = 3;
int LaserPin_3 = 4;

int BuzzerPin = 5; // Buzzer pin.

int Control_RX = 6; // RX and TX pin for the SoftWareSerial library.
int Control_TX = 7;

int RedPin = 9; // PWM pins for RGB LED sensor.
int GreenPin = 10;
int BluePin = 11;

int Control_Led_1 = 8; // Set the each of led as a mark for the status of the each of laser modules.
int Control_Led_2 = 12;
int Control_Led_3 = 13;

int LDR_1 = A0; // Analog pins for LDRs.
int LDR_2 = A1;
int LDR_3 = A2;

int LDR_1_Read ; // Define the value of LDRs as global variables.
int LDR_2_Read ;
int LDR_3_Read ;

int Counter = 0; // Set the default value of the counter as zero.

volatile boolean Alarm_is_Activated = false; // Choose whether the alarm is on or not.
volatile boolean Alarm_Initial = false;

volatile boolean Counter_Detect = false; // It is a variable to give delay time to Arduino.

SoftwareSerial Control(Control_RX, Control_TX); // Define the Rx and the Tx pins to communicate with Bluetooth Module.

String Name = "Control"; // Name your module and set the password for it.
int Password = 1111;
String Uart = "9600,0,0";

void setup() {
  
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Control.begin(9600); // Begin HC-06 Bluetooth module to communicate.
  
  // Change_BluetoothModule_Defaults(); // You can activate it if you want to change the defaults of the Bluetooth module.
  
  pinMode(LaserPin_1,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(LaserPin_2,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(LaserPin_3,OUTPUT);

  pinMode(RedPin,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(GreenPin,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(BluePin,OUTPUT);

  pinMode(Control_Led_1,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(Control_Led_2,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(Control_Led_3,OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {

    get_Data_From_LDR(); // Get the data from LDR sensors.
     
    if(Control.available()){ // If HC-06 Bluetooth module is available, Commands() has proceeded.
     
    char c = Control.read();
    Serial.println(c); // Control the characters that are set by the app using the terminal.
    
    Commands(c);
    }
    
    Set_Alarm(); // Initial the alarm function.

    Set_Counter(); // Begin the people counter.
 
}
void Commands(char i){ // Choose which events happen when the specific character is sent from the app to Arduino.
  
    switch(i){
      case '1' :
      Control.print(Counter);
      break;
      case '2' :
      Alarm_is_Activated = true;
      break;
      case '3' :
      Alarm_is_Activated = false;
      break;
      case '4' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_1,HIGH);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_1,HIGH);
      break;
      case '5' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_1,LOW);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_1,LOW);
      break;
      case '6' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_2,HIGH);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_2,HIGH);
      break;
      case '7' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_2,LOW);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_2,LOW);
      break;
      case '8' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_3,HIGH);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_3,HIGH);
      break;
      case '9' :
      digitalWrite(LaserPin_3,LOW);
      digitalWrite(Control_Led_3,LOW);
      break;
      case 'r' :
      Counter = 0;
      break;          
    }
  }

void get_Data_From_LDR(){ // Get the data of LDR sensors.
  LDR_1_Read = analogRead(LDR_1);
  LDR_2_Read = analogRead(LDR_2);
  LDR_3_Read = analogRead(LDR_3);
  
}

void Set_Counter(){ // Set a people counter.
  
  if(LDR_1_Read < 150 || LDR_2_Read < 150 || LDR_3_Read < 150){ // If a motion detected.

   Counter_Detect = true;
    
  }
  else{

    Counter_Detect = false;
    
  }
     if(Counter_Detect == true){
       Counter = Counter + 1;
       delay(500); // Give some time to get the number of people who enter the room accurately.
      }
      if(Counter_Detect == false){
        Counter = Counter;
      }
}

void Set_Alarm(){ // Set an adjustable alarm system.

  if(Alarm_is_Activated == true){
    
   if(LDR_1_Read < 150 || LDR_2_Read < 150 || LDR_3_Read < 150){ // If a motion is detected.

    Alarm_Initial = true;
    
   }
   else{
    
    Alarm_Initial = false;
    
   }
   if(Alarm_Initial == true){
    tone(BuzzerPin,500);
     Color_Change(255, 0, 0); 
     delay(50);
     Color_Change(0, 255, 0); 
     delay(50);
     Color_Change(0, 0, 255); 
     delay(50);
     Color_Change(255, 255, 0); 
     delay(50);
     Color_Change(80, 0, 80);
     delay(50); 
     Color_Change(0, 255, 255); 
     delay(50);
     Color_Change(255, 255, 255);
     delay(50);
   }
  }
  if(Alarm_is_Activated == false || Alarm_Initial == false ){
    noTone(BuzzerPin);
    Color_Change(0, 0, 0);
  }
}

void Color_Change(int red, int green, int blue){ // Change the RGB Module variables easily.
 red = 255 - red;
 green = 255 - green;
 blue = 255 - blue;
 analogWrite(RedPin, red);
 analogWrite(GreenPin, green);
 analogWrite(BluePin, blue);
}

void Change_BluetoothModule_Defaults(){ // Change the default values of the Bluetooth module whatever values you choose.
 
  Control.print("AT+NAME"); // Change the name.
  Control.println(Name); 
  Serial.print("Name is changed: ");
  Serial.println(Name);
  delay(2000);
  Control.print("AT+PSWD"); // Change the password.
  Control.println(Password);
  Serial.print("Password is changed: ");
  Serial.println(Password);
  delay(2000);
  Control.print("AT+UART"); // Change the baud rate. If the Bluetooth module is a HC-05, the default value of the baud rate is 38400.
  Control.println(Uart);
  Serial.print("Baud rate is set: ");
  Serial.println(Uart);
  delay(2000);
  Serial.println("Task is completed."); // You can see whether the task is completed correctly or not using the terminal.
}

Credits

Kutluhan Aktar

Kutluhan Aktar

24 projects • 48 followers
Self-Taught Full Stack Developer | Programmer | Maker | Physics Enthusiast

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