sikun xie
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Magic Finger- A $10 Project Based on Seeeduino XIAO

Magic fingers for temperature sensor, Seeeduino XIAO and PC.

BeginnerFull instructions provided2 hours1,000
Magic Finger- A $10 Project Based on Seeeduino XIAO

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Seeeduino XIAO
×1
Grove - Infrared Temperature Sensor
Seeed Grove - Infrared Temperature Sensor
×1
WS2812B Digital RGB LED
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE

Story

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Code

the code of the project

C/C++
#include <math.h>
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>

#define MAX_LED 2
#define PIN 1

#define SUR_TEMP_PIN A3 // Analog input pin connect to temperature sensor SUR pin
#define OBJ_TEMP_PIN A2 // Analog input pin connect to temperature sensor OBJ pin

Adafruit_NeoPixel strip = Adafruit_NeoPixel( MAX_LED, PIN, NEO_RGB + NEO_KHZ800 );

float temp_calibration=0;       //this parameter was used to calibrate the temperature
//float objt_calibration=0.000; //this parameter was used to calibrate the object temperature
float temperature_range=10;    //we make a map of temperature-voltage according to sensor datasheet. 10 is the temperature step when sensor and 
                               //object distance is 9CM.
float offset_vol=0.014;        //this parameter was used to set the mid level voltage,when put the sensor in normal environment after 10 min,
                               //the sensor output 0.For example,the surrounding temperature is 29℃,but the result is 27℃ via the sensor,
                               //you should set the reerence to 0.520 or more,according to your sensor to change.
                               //the unit is V
float tempValue = 0; 
float objtValue= 0;  
float current_temp=0;
float final_temp=0;
float sur_temp=0;
float temp=0;
float temp1=0;
float temp2=0;
unsigned int temp3=0;
const float reference_vol=0.500;
unsigned char clear_num=0;//when use lcd to display
float R=0;
float voltage=0;
float tempx=0;


long res[100]={
                 318300,302903,288329,274533,261471,249100,237381,226276,215750,205768,
                 196300,187316,178788,170691,163002,155700,148766,142183,135936,130012,
                 124400,119038,113928,109059,104420,100000,95788,91775,87950,84305,
                 80830,77517,74357,71342,68466,65720,63098,60595,58202,55916,
                 53730,51645,49652,47746,45924,44180,42511,40912,39380,37910,
                 36500,35155,33866,32631,31446,30311,29222,28177,27175,26213,
                 25290,24403,23554,22738,21955,21202,20479,19783,19115,18472,
                 17260,16688,16138,15608,15098,14608,14135,13680,13242,12819,
                 12412,12020,11642,11278,10926,10587,10260,9945,9641,9347,
                 9063,8789,8525,8270,8023,7785,7555,7333,7118,6911};
                 
float obj [13][12]={
/*0*/             { 0,-0.274,-0.58,-0.922,-1.301,-1.721,-2.183,-2.691,-3.247,-3.854,-4.516,-5.236}, //
/*1*/             { 0.271,0,-0.303,-0.642,-1.018,-1.434,-1.894,-2.398,-2.951,-3.556,-4.215,-4.931},  //→surrounding temperature,from -10,0,10,...100
/*2*/             { 0.567,0.3,0,-0.335,-0.708,-1.121,-1.577,-2.078,-2.628,-3.229,-3.884,-4.597},   //↓object temperature,from -10,0,10,...110
/*3*/             { 0.891,0.628,0.331,0,-0.369,-0.778,-1.23,-1.728,-2.274,-2.871,-3.523,-4.232},
/*4*/             { 1.244,0.985,0.692,0.365,0,-0.405,-0.853,-1.347,-1.889,-2.482,-3.13,-3.835},
/*5*/             { 1.628,1.372,1.084,0.761,0.401,0,-0.444,-0.933,-1.47,-2.059,-2.702,-3.403},
/*6*/             { 2.043,1.792,1.509,1.191,0.835,0.439,0,-0.484,-1.017,-1.601,-2.24,-2.936},
/*7*/             { 2.491,2.246,1.968,1.655,1.304,0.913,0.479,0,-0.528,-1.107,-1.74,-2.431},
/*8*/             { 2.975,2.735,2.462,2.155,1.809,1.424,0.996,0.522,0,-0.573,-1.201,-1.887},
/*9*/             { 3.495,3.261,2.994,2.692,2.353,1.974,1.552,1.084,0.568,0,-0.622,-1.301},
/*10*/            { 4.053,3.825,3.565,3.27,2.937,2.564,2.148,1.687,1.177,0.616,0,-0.673},
/*11*/            { 4.651,4.43,4.177,3.888,3.562,3.196,2.787,2.332,1.829,1.275,0.666,0},
/*12*/            { 5.29,5.076,4.83,4.549,4.231,3.872,3.47,3.023,2.527,1.98,1.379,0.72}
};

void setup() 
{
  strip.begin();           //initialize Adafruit_NeoPixel
  strip.show(); 
	Serial.begin(9600); // initialize serial communications at 9600 bps
	analogReference(AR_INTERNAL1V0);//set the refenrence voltage 1.1V,the distinguishability can up to 1mV.
	//analogReference(INTERNAL1V1);//(mega only)set the refenrence voltage 1.1V,the distinguishability can up to 1mV.

 
}
void loop()
{
	measureSurTemp();//measure the Surrounding temperature around the sensor
  int i=255,j=0;

  uint32_t color1 = strip.Color(255,45,0);  
  uint32_t color2 = strip.Color(0,255,0);
  uint32_t color3 = strip.Color(255,255,255);
  uint32_t color4 = strip.Color(0,0,0);

  if(current_temp>30){
    strip.setPixelColor(0, color2);
    strip.show();
    delay(20);}
  else if(current_temp<30&&current_temp>10){
    strip.setPixelColor(0, color1);
    strip.show();
    delay(20);}
  else if(current_temp<10){
    strip.setPixelColor(0, color3);
    strip.show();
    delay(20);}

  measureObjectTemp();
  Serial.println(current_temp,2); 
  

  if(final_temp>50&&final_temp<55){
      uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>55&&final_temp<60){
      i=i-50;j=j+50;
        uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>60&&final_temp<65){
      i=i-100;j=j+100;
        uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>65&&final_temp<70){
      i=i-150;j=j+150;
        uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>70&&final_temp<80){
      i=i-200;j=j+200;
        uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>80&&final_temp<85){
      i=i-250;j=j+250;
        uint32_t color = strip.Color(i,j,0);
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else if(final_temp>85){
      strip.setPixelColor(1, color2);
      strip.show();
      delay(20);}
  else{
    strip.setPixelColor(1, color4);
    strip.show();}
}

float binSearch(long x)// this function used for measure the surrounding temperature
{
	int low,mid,high;
	low=0;
	//mid=0;
	high=100;
	while (low<=high)
	{
		mid=(low+high)/2;
		if(x<res[mid])
			low= mid+1;
		else//(x>res[mid])
			high=mid-1;
	}
	return mid;
}

float arraysearch(float x,float y)//x is the surrounding temperature,y is the object temperature
{
	int i=0;
	float tem_coefficient=100;//Magnification of 100 times	
	i=(x/10)+1;//Ambient temperature			
	voltage=(float)y/tem_coefficient;//the original voltage		
	//Serial.print("sensor voltage:\t");		
	//Serial.print(voltage,5);	
	//Serial.print("V");			
	for(temp3=0;temp3<13;temp3++)		
	{			
		if((voltage>obj[temp3][i])&&(voltage<obj[temp3+1][i]))				
		{			
			return temp3;					
		}			
	}
}
float measureSurTemp()
{  
	unsigned char i=0;
	float current_temp1=0;	  
	int signal=0;	  
	tempValue=0;

	for(i=0;i<10;i++)       //	  
	{		  
		tempValue+= analogRead(SUR_TEMP_PIN); 		  
		delay(10); 	  
	}	  
	tempValue=tempValue/10;	  
	temp = tempValue*1.0/1023;	  
	R=2000000*temp/(2.50-temp);	  
	signal=binSearch(R);	  
	current_temp=signal-1+temp_calibration+(res[signal-1]-R)/(res[signal-1]-res[signal]);
	Serial.print("Surrounding temperature:");
	Serial.print(current_temp);
	return current_temp;
}

float measureObjectTemp()
{
	unsigned char i=0;  
	unsigned char j=0;  
	float sur_temp=0;  
	unsigned int array_temp=0;  
	float temp1,temp2; 
//	float final_temp=0;
	objtValue=0;	
	for(i=0;i<10;i++)
	{
		objtValue+= analogRead(OBJ_TEMP_PIN); 
		delay(10); 
    }       
	objtValue=objtValue/10;//Averaging processing     
	temp1=objtValue*1.0/1023;//+objt_calibration; 
	sur_temp=temp1-(reference_vol+offset_vol);             
	Serial.print("\t Sensor voltage:");		
	Serial.print(sur_temp,3);	
	Serial.print("V");	
	array_temp=arraysearch(current_temp,sur_temp*1000);        
	temp2=current_temp;        
	temp1=(temperature_range*voltage)/(obj[array_temp+1][(int)(temp2/10)+1]-obj[array_temp][(int)(temp2/10)+1]);        
	final_temp=temp2+temp1;        
	if((final_temp>100)||(final_temp<=-10))
		{
		Serial.println ("\t out of range!");
		}
	else
		{
			Serial.print("\t object temperature:");		
			Serial.println(final_temp,2); 
			}
  Serial.println(final_temp,2); 
}

Credits

sikun xie

sikun xie

3 projects • 3 followers

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