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Diy Seven Segment Display Clock

let's build simple diy led clock

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Diy Seven Segment Display Clock

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
×1
Pi RTC (DS1307)
Seeed Pi RTC (DS1307)
×1
7 Segment LED Display, Red
7 Segment LED Display, Red
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Soldering iron (generic)
Soldering iron (generic)
Hot glue gun (generic)
Hot glue gun (generic)

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

circuit diagram

Schematics

circuit diagram

Code

code.ino

C/C++
int digit1 = 11; //PWM Display pin 12 (digit1 is common anonds A1 from right side)
int digit2 = 10; //PWM Display pin 9 (digit2 is  common A2)
int digit3 = 9; //PWM Display pin 8 (digit3 is common anods A3)
int digit4 = 6; //PWM Display pin 6 (digit4 is common anods, from left side)
int segA = 2; //Display pin 11
int segB = 3; //Display pin 7
int segC = 4; //Display pin 4
int segD = 5; //Display pin 2
int segE = 12; //Display pin 1
int segF = 7; //Display pin 10
int segG = 8; //Display pin 5
int segDP = 13; // Display pin 3
int pin = 1;
#include <Wire.h>
#include "RTClib.h"
RTC_DS1307 RTC;
byte SW0 = A0;
byte SW1 = A1;
byte SW2 = A2;

// use for hexa in zecimal conversion
int zh, uh, ore;
int zm, um, miniti;

void setup() {
  
 //  Serial.begin(57600);
  Wire.begin();
  RTC.begin();
// RTC.adjust(DateTime(__DATE__, __TIME__));
// if you need set clock... just remove // from line above this

// part code for flashing LED
Wire.beginTransmission(0x68);
Wire.write(0x07); // move pointer to SQW address
// Wire.write(0x00); // turns the SQW pin off
 Wire.write(0x10); // sends 0x10 (hex) 00010000 (binary) to control register - turns on square wave at 1Hz
// Wire.write(0x13); // sends 0x13 (hex) 00010011 (binary) 32kHz

Wire.endTransmission();

  if (! RTC.isrunning()) {
    Serial.println("RTC is NOT running!");
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(__DATE__, __TIME__));
  }
  
  
// dht.begin();

  pinMode(segA, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segB, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segC, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segD, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segE, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segF, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segG, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(segDP, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(pin, OUTPUT);

  pinMode(digit1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(digit2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(digit3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(digit4, OUTPUT);
  
//  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

// Serial.begin(9600);
 //Serial.println("test for niq_ro");

 pinMode(SW0, INPUT);  // for this use a slide switch
  pinMode(SW1, INPUT);  // N.O. push button switch
  pinMode(SW2, INPUT);  // N.O. push button switch

  digitalWrite(SW0, HIGH); // pull-ups on
  digitalWrite(SW1, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(SW2, HIGH);



}

void loop() {

  DateTime now = RTC.now();
  int timp = now.hour()*100+now.minute();
//   int timp = (now.minute(), DEC);
//   displayNumber(12); // this is number to diplay
//   int timp = 1234;
// Serial.print(now.hour(), DEC);
 // Serial.print(":");
 // Serial.print(now.minute(), DEC);
 // Serial.print(" -> ");
 // Serial.print(timp);
 // Serial.println(" !");

// display parts   
   for(int i = 250 ; i >0  ; i--) {
     if (timp >= 1000) displayNumber01(timp); 
     else displayNumber02(timp); 
   } 

   for(int i = 250 ; i >0  ; i--) {
     if (timp >= 1000) displayNumber03(timp); 
     else displayNumber04(timp); 
   } 

  if (!(digitalRead(SW0))) set_time(); // hold the switch to set time
  //blinking
 
} 


void set_time()   {
  byte minutes1 = 0;
  byte hours1 = 0;
  byte minutes = 0;
  byte hours = 0;

  while (!digitalRead(SW0))  // set time switch must be released to exit
  {
    minutes1=minutes;
    hours1=hours;
    
     
    while (!digitalRead(SW1)) // set minutes
    { 
     minutes++;  
   // converting hexa in zecimal:
    zh = hours / 16;
    uh = hours - 16 * zh ;
    ore = 10 * zh + uh; 
    zm = minutes / 16;
    um = minutes - 16 * zm ;
    miniti = 10 * zm + um; 
    
     for(int i = 20 ; i >0  ; i--) {
     displayNumber01(ore*100+miniti); 
     }

      
      if ((minutes & 0x0f) > 9) minutes = minutes + 6;
      if (minutes > 0x59) minutes = 0;
    //  Serial.print("Minutes = ");
      if (minutes >= 9) Serial.print("0");
    //  Serial.println(minutes, HEX);
    delay(150);    
    }

    while (!digitalRead(SW2)) // set hours
    { 
     hours++;          
     
   // converting hexa in zecimal:
    zh = hours / 16;
    uh = hours - 16 * zh ;
    ore = 10 * zh + uh; 
    zm = minutes / 16;
    um = minutes - 16 * zm ;
    miniti = 10 * zm + um; 
    
     for(int i = 20 ; i >0  ; i--) {
     displayNumber01(ore*100+miniti); 
     }
   
      
      if ((hours & 0x0f) > 9) hours =  hours + 6;
      if (hours > 0x23) hours = 0;
  //    Serial.print("Hours = ");
      if (hours <= 9) Serial.print("0");
      Serial.println(hours, HEX);
    delay(150);
    }

    Wire.beginTransmission(0x68); // activate DS1307
    Wire.write(0); // where to begin
    Wire.write(0x00);          //seconds
    Wire.write(minutes);          //minutes
    Wire.write(0x80 | hours);    //hours (24hr time)
    Wire.write(0x06);  // Day 01-07
    Wire.write(0x01);  // Date 0-31
    Wire.write(0x05);  // month 0-12
    Wire.write(0x09);  // Year 00-99
    Wire.write(0x10); // Control 0x10 produces a 1 HZ square wave on pin 7. 
    Wire.endTransmission();
  
    // converting hexa in zecimal:
    zh = hours / 16;
    uh = hours - 16 * zh ;
    ore = 10 * zh + uh; 
    zm = minutes / 16;
    um = minutes - 16 * zm ;
    miniti = 10 * zm + um; 
    
     for(int i = 20 ; i >0  ; i--) {
     displayNumber01(ore*100+miniti); 
     }
 //  delay(150);
    
  }
  
}



void displayNumber01(int toDisplay) {
#define DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS  500

#define DIGIT_ON  HIGH
#define DIGIT_OFF  LOW

  for(int digit = 4 ; digit > 0 ; digit--) {

    //Turn on a digit for a short amount of time
    switch(digit) {
    case 1:
     digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_ON);
     digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
   case 2:
      digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, LOW);
      break;
    case 3:
      digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 4:
      digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    }
    lightNumber(toDisplay % 10);
    toDisplay /= 10;
    delayMicroseconds(DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS); 

     //Turn off all segments
    lightNumber(10); 

    //Turn off all digits
    digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_OFF);
}
} 

void displayNumber02(int toDisplay) {
#define DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS  500

#define DIGIT_ON  HIGH
#define DIGIT_OFF  LOW

  for(int digit = 4 ; digit > 0 ; digit--) {

    //Turn on a digit for a short amount of time
    switch(digit) {
    case 1:
     lightNumber(10); 
     digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
     break;
   case 2:
      digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, LOW);
      break;
    case 3:
      digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 4:
      digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    }
    lightNumber(toDisplay % 10);
    toDisplay /= 10;
    delayMicroseconds(DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS); 

     //Turn off all segments
    lightNumber(10); 

    //Turn off all digits
    digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_OFF);
}
} 

void displayNumber03(int toDisplay) {
#define DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS  500

#define DIGIT_ON  HIGH
#define DIGIT_OFF  LOW

  for(int digit = 4 ; digit > 0 ; digit--) {

    //Turn on a digit for a short amount of time
    switch(digit) {
    case 1:
     digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_ON);
     digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
   case 2:
      digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 3:
      digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 4:
      digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    }
    lightNumber(toDisplay % 10);
    toDisplay /= 10;
    delayMicroseconds(DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS); 

     //Turn off all segments
    lightNumber(10); 

    //Turn off all digits
    digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_OFF);
}
} 

void displayNumber04(int toDisplay) {
#define DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS  500

#define DIGIT_ON  HIGH
#define DIGIT_OFF  LOW

  for(int digit = 4 ; digit > 0 ; digit--) {

    //Turn on a digit for a short amount of time
    switch(digit) {
    case 1:
     lightNumber(10); 
     digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
     break;
   case 2:
      digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 3:
      digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    case 4:
      digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_ON);
      digitalWrite(segDP, HIGH);
      break;
    }
    lightNumber(toDisplay % 10);
    toDisplay /= 10;
    delayMicroseconds(DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS); 

     //Turn off all segments
    lightNumber(10); 

    //Turn off all digits
    digitalWrite(digit1, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit2, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit3, DIGIT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(digit4, DIGIT_OFF);
}
} 


//Given a number, turns on those segments
//If number == 10, then turn off number
void lightNumber(int numberToDisplay) {

#define SEGMENT_ON  LOW
#define SEGMENT_OFF HIGH

  switch (numberToDisplay){

  case 0:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_OFF);
    break;

  case 1:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_OFF);
    break;

  case 2:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 3:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 4:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 5:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 6:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 7:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_OFF);
    break;

  case 8:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  case 9:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_ON);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_ON);
    break;

  // all segment are ON
  case 10:
    digitalWrite(segA, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segB, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segC, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segD, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segE, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segF, SEGMENT_OFF);
    digitalWrite(segG, SEGMENT_OFF);
    break;
  
  }
}

Credits

edison science corner

edison science corner

28 projects • 6 followers
Electronic enthusiast

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