Dragos Iosub
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Arduino BME680 - Gas and THS - Air Quality Monitor

Read gas, temperature, humidity and pressure raw data using BME680 I2C sensor breakout by itbrainpower.net. 3 ways to calculate altitude.

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Arduino BME680 - Gas and THS - Air Quality Monitor

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Schematics

BME680 sensor wiring example with Arduino UNO

5V compliant Arduino board - wire as shown in the image.
For 3.3V compliant Arduino board, wire Vin to Arduino 3.3V pad NOT to 5V!!!

BME680 sensor wiring example with xyz-mIoT shield [AT SAMD21G, 3.3V compliant]

3.3V compliant Arduino board - wire as shown in the image.
For 5V compliant Arduino board, wire Vin to Arduino 5V pad NOT to 3.3V!!!

BME680 breakout datasheet

s-Sense BME680 I2C sensor breakout datasheet

Code

ssense_BME680_example.ino

Arduino
Read and print BME680 [gas, temperature, humidity and pressure] raw sensor data - pulling rate ~ 1 second. Three algorithms for altitude calculation.

Just wire the sensor with your Arduino board. Select your board, compile and upload code. Set Serial Monitor at 19200bps.
/* s-Sense BME680 I2C sensor breakout example - v1.0/20190524. 
 * 
 * Compatible with:
 *    s-Sense BME680 I2C sensor breakout - temperature, humidity, pressure and gas - [PN: SS-BME680#I2C, SKU: ITBP-6003], 
 *    info https://itbrainpower.net/sensors/BME680-BVOC-TEMPERATURE-HUMIDITY-PRESSURE-I2C-sensor-breakout 
 *
 * This code shows how to use predefined recommended settings for the BME680 air quality sensor. Read temperature,  
 * humidity, pressure and gas sensor data (pulling at 1sec) - code based on based on Zanshin_BME680 library version 
 * 1.0.2 / 2019-01-26 - https://github.com/SV-Zanshin . Good job Zanshin!
 *  
 * Include three functions for altitude calculation (one provided by Zanshin, one ported from BME280/BMP280 library [NOAA equation] and the
 * last one [based on CASIO equation and implementing temperature compensated algorithm] that was written by us.
 *  
 * We've just select the relevant functions, fixed some 328p compiling issues found in original library, add some variables, functions and fuctionalities.
 * 
 * 
 * Mandatory wiring:
 *    Common for 3.3V and 5V Arduino boards:
 *        sensor I2C SDA  <------> Arduino I2C SDA
 *        sensor I2C SCL  <------> Arduino I2C SCL
 *        sensor GND      <------> Arduino GND
 *    For Arduino 3.3V compatible:
 *        sensor Vin      <------> Arduino 3.3V
 *    For Arduino 5V compatible:
 *        sensor Vin      <------> Arduino 5V
 * 
 * Leave other sensor PADS not connected.
 * 
 * SPECIAL note for some ARDUINO boards:
 *        SDA (Serial Data)   ->  A4 on Uno/Pro-Mini, 20 on Mega2560/Due, 2 Leonardo/Pro-Micro
 *        SCK (Serial Clock)  ->  A5 on Uno/Pro-Mini, 21 on Mega2560/Due, 3 Leonardo/Pro-Micro
 * 
 * WIRING WARNING: wrong wiring may damage your Arduino board MCU or your sensor! Double check what you've done.
 * 
 * New BME680 sensors requires burn in. Once burned in a sensor requires at least 5 minutes of run in before gas resistance readings are considered good.  
 * 
 * READ BME680 documentation! https://itbrainpower.net/sensors/BME680-BVOC-TEMPERATURE-HUMIDITY-PRESSURE-I2C-sensor-breakout
 * 
 * We ask you to use this SOFTWARE only in conjunction with s-Sense BME680 sensor breakout usage. Modifications, derivates 
 * and redistribution of this SOFTWARE must include unmodified this notice. You can redistribute this SOFTWARE and/or modify it under the 
 * terms of this notice. 
 * 
 * This SOFTWARE is distributed is provide "AS IS" in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of 
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 *  
 * itbrainpower.net invests significant time and resources providing those how to and in design phase of our IoT products.
 * Support us by purchasing our environmental and air quality sensors from https://itbrainpower.net/order#s-Sense
 *
 *
 * Dragos Iosub, Bucharest 2019.
 * https://itbrainpower.net
 */

 /*! @file I2CDemo.ino


@section I2CDemo_intro_section Description

Example program for using the Bosch BME680 sensor. The sensor measures temperature, pressure and humidity and  is
described at https://www.bosch-sensortec.com/bst/products/all_products/BME680. The datasheet is available from Bosch
at https://ae-bst.resource.bosch.com/media/_tech/media/datasheets/BST-BME680_DS001-11.pdf \n\n

The most recent version of the BME680 library is available at https://github.com/SV-Zanshin/BME680 and the 
documentation of the library as well as example programs are described in the project's wiki pages located at 
https://github.com/SV-Zanshin/BME680/wiki. \n\n

The BME680 is a very small package so it is unlikely for an Arduino hobbyist to play around with directly, the 
hardware used to develop this library is a breakout board from AdaFruit which is well-documented at
https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-BME680-humidity-barometric-pressure-temperature-sensor-breakout \n\n

This example program initializes the BME680 to use I2C for communications. The library does not using floating
point mathematics to save on computation space and time, the values for Temperature, Pressure and Humidity are
returned in deci-units, e.g. a Temperature reading of "2731" means "27.31" degrees Celsius. The display in the 
example program uses floating point for demonstration purposes only.  Note that the temperature reading is 
generally higher than the ambient temperature due to die and PCB temperature and self-heating of the element.\n\n

The pressure reading needs to be adjusted for altitude to get the adjusted pressure reading. There are numerous
sources on the internet for formula converting from standard sea-level pressure to altitude, see the data sheet
for the BME180 on page 16 of http://www.adafruit.com/datasheets/BST-BMP180-DS000-09.pdf. Rather than put a
floating-point function in the library which may not be used but which would use space, an example altitude
computation function has been added to this example program to show how it might be done.

@section I2CDemolicense License

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General
Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

@section I2CDemoauthor Author

Written by Arnd\@SV-Zanshin

@section I2CDemoversions Changelog

Version | Date       | Developer           | Comments
------- | ---------- | ------------------- | --------
1.0.1   | 2019-01-26 | https://github.com/SV-Zanshin | Issue #3 - convert documentation to Doxygen
1.0.0b  | 2018-06-30 | https://github.com/SV-Zanshin | Cloned from original BME280 program

*/

/*******************************************************************************************************************
**                                                                                                                **
** This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General     **
** Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your      **
** option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY     **
** WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the   **
** GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License **
** along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.                                          **
**                                                                                                                **
** Vers.  Date       Developer                     Comments                                                       **
** ====== ========== ============================= ============================================================== **
** 1.0.0b 2018-06-30 https://github.com/SV-Zanshin Cloned from original BME280 program                            **
**                                                                                                                **
*******************************************************************************************************************/
#include "sSense_BME680.h" // Include the BME680 Sensor library
/*******************************************************************************************************************
** Declare all program constants                                                                                  **
*******************************************************************************************************************/

#define SERIAL_SPEED  19200//; ///< Set the baud rate for Serial I/O
/*******************************************************************************************************************
** Declare global variables and instantiate classes                                                               **
*******************************************************************************************************************/
BME680_Class BME680; ///< Create an instance of the BME680

/*!
* @brief     This converts a pressure measurement into a height in meters
* @details   The corrected sea-level pressure can be passed into the function if it is know, otherwise the standard 
*            atmospheric pressure of 1013.25hPa is used (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_pressure
* @param[in] seaLevel Sea-Level pressure in millibars
* @return    floating point altitude in meters.
*/
float altitude(const float seaLevel=1013.25) 
{
  /*wikipedia equation - original Zanshin code*/
  static float Altitude;
  int32_t temp, hum, press, gas;
  BME680.getSensorData(temp,hum,press,gas); // Get the most recent values from the device
  Altitude = 44330.0*(1.0-pow(((float)press/100.0)/seaLevel,0.1903)); // Convert into altitude in meters
  return(Altitude);
} // of method altitude()

float calculate_altitude( float pressure, bool metric = true, float seaLevelPressure = 101325)
{
  /*Equations courtesy of NOAA - code ported from BME280*/;
  float altitude = NAN;
  if (!isnan(pressure) && !isnan(seaLevelPressure)){
    altitude = 1000.0 * ( seaLevelPressure - pressure ) / 3386.3752577878;
  }
  return metric ? altitude * 0.3048 : altitude;
}

float temperatureCompensatedAltitude(int32_t pressure, float temp=21.0 /*Celsius*/, float seaLevel=1013.25) 
{
  /*Casio equation - code written by itbrainpower.net*/
  float Altitude;
  Altitude = (pow((seaLevel/((float)pressure/100.0)), (1/5.257))-1)*(temp + 273.15) / 0.0065; // Convert into altitude in meters
  return(Altitude);	//this are metric value
} 


/*!
    @brief    Arduino method called once at startup to initialize the system
    @details  This is an Arduino IDE method which is called first upon boot or restart. It is only called one time
              and then control goes to the main "loop()" method, from which control never returns
    @return   void
*/
void setup()
{
  DebugPort.begin(SERIAL_SPEED); // Start serial port at Baud rate

  while(!DebugPort) {delay(10);} // Wait

  //delay(1000);

  DebugPort.println("s-Sense BME680 I2C sensor.");
  DebugPort.print("- Initializing BME680 sensor\n");
  while (!BME680.begin(I2C_STANDARD_MODE)) // Start BME680 using I2C protocol
  {
    DebugPort.println("-  Unable to find BME680. Waiting 1 seconds.");
    delay(1000);
  } // of loop until device is located
  DebugPort.println("- Setting 16x oversampling for all sensors");
  BME680.setOversampling(TemperatureSensor,Oversample16); // Use enumerated type values
  BME680.setOversampling(HumiditySensor,   Oversample16);
  BME680.setOversampling(PressureSensor,   Oversample16);
  DebugPort.println("- Setting IIR filter to a value of 4 samples");
  BME680.setIIRFilter(IIR4);
  DebugPort.println("- Setting gas measurement to 320C for 150ms");
  BME680.setGas(320,150); // 320�c for 150 milliseconds
  DebugPort.println();
} // of method setup()

/*!
    @brief    Arduino method for the main program loop
    @details  This is the main program for the Arduino IDE, it is an infinite loop and keeps on repeating. 
    @return   void
*/
void loop() 
{
  //static uint8_t loopCounter = 0;
  static int32_t temperature, humidity, pressure, gas;     // Variable to store readings
  BME680.getSensorData(temperature,humidity,pressure,gas); // Get most recent readings
  DebugPort.print("\r\nSensor data >>\t\t");                       // Temperature in deci-degrees
  DebugPort.print(temperature/100.0,2);                       // Temperature in deci-degrees
  DebugPort.print("C\t");                          
  DebugPort.print(humidity/1000.0,2);                         // Humidity in milli-percent
  DebugPort.print("%\t");
  DebugPort.print(pressure/100.0,2);                          // Pressure in Pascals
  DebugPort.print("hPa\t");
  //DebugPort.print(pressure);                          // Pressure in Pascals
  //DebugPort.print("Pa ");
  DebugPort.print(gas/100.0,2);
  DebugPort.println("mOhm");

  DebugPort.println("\r\nCalculated altitude");

  DebugPort.print("temp comp [CASIO equation]: ");

  //temperatureCompensatedAltitude(int32_t pressure, float temp =21.0, const float seaLevel=1013.25)
  DebugPort.print(temperatureCompensatedAltitude(pressure, temperature/100.0/*, 1022.0*/),2); 
  DebugPort.print("m\t");


  DebugPort.print("NOAA equation: ");

  //float calculate_altitude( float pressure, bool metric = true, float seaLevelPressure = 101325)
  DebugPort.print(calculate_altitude((long)pressure,true),2); //calculate_altitude
  //DebugPort.print(calculate_altitude((long)pressure,true, (long)102200.0),2); //calculate_altitude
  DebugPort.print("m\t");

  DebugPort.print("WIKI equation: ");
  DebugPort.print(altitude(),2); 
  DebugPort.println("m \r\n");
/*  
Temp: 33.03C            Humidity: 42.03% RH             Pressure: 101058.02 Pa
Altitude: 78.84m        Dew point: 12.43C               Equivalent Sea Level Pressure: 101950.37 Pa

Temp: 33.01C            Humidity: 40.75% RH             Pressure: 101051.84 Pa
Altitude: 80.66m        Dew point: 11.71C               Equivalent Sea Level Pressure: 101964.92 Pa

Temp: 32.98C            Humidity: 40.24% RH             Pressure: 101055.34 Pa
Altitude: 79.63m        Dew point: 11.40C               Equivalent Sea Level Pressure: 101956.80 Pa
 */
  delay(1000);
} // of method loop()

Arduino BME680 library

C/C++
Arduino library to access Bosch Sensortec BME680 air quality sensor [gas, temperature, humidity and pressure] raw data - adapted for itbrainpower.net s-Sense BME680 sensor I2C breakout - compatible with 3.3V - 5V Arduino shields.

This library it's based on Zanshin_BME680 library version 1.0.2 / 2019-01-26 - https://github.com/SV-Zanshin
Great job Zanshin! We've adapted the class for s-Sense BME680 use.

Extract and copy the class in Arduino Library folder - 'libraries' folder found in your Arduino Sketchbook.

Example it's available in Arduino "File-> Examples", under "ssense-BME680" library.

HINTS:
- you may like to inject real temperature data in function float temperatureCompensatedAltitude(int32_t pressure, float temp=21.0 /*Celsius*/, float seaLevel=1013.25).
- also, using seaLevel pressure value from external source will be a big plus!
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Credits

Dragos Iosub

Dragos Iosub

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