Kishore Gaddam
Published © GPL3+

Applying Real-Time Analytics on IoT Data - Azure IoT Hub

This example demonstrates how to leverage the power of Azure IoT Hub and Stream Analytics to send realtime alerts based on business rules.

BeginnerFull instructions provided4 hours9,961
Applying Real-Time Analytics on IoT Data - Azure IoT Hub

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Raspberry Pi 2 Model B
Raspberry Pi 2 Model B
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
Breadboard (generic)
Breadboard (generic)
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
Pressure/Altitude/Temperature Sensor
Adafruit Pressure/Altitude/Temperature Sensor
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
Resistor 10k ohm
Resistor 10k ohm
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
LED (generic)
LED (generic)
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
Male/Male Jumper Wires
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1
Adafruit Female/Male Jumper Wires
Included in the Adafruit Starter Pack for Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi2 kit.
×1

Software apps and online services

Windows 10 PC
Windows 10 IoT Core
Microsoft Windows 10 IoT Core
Visual Studio 2015
Microsoft Visual Studio 2015
Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure
IoT Hub
Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure
Event Hub
Stream Analytics
Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure

Story

Read more

Schematics

Fritzing Image

Schematic Image

Fritzing diagram

Code

BMP280.cs

C#
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.Devices.Enumeration;
using Windows.Devices.Gpio;
using Windows.Devices.I2c;

namespace SimpleTemperatureAlert
{
    public class BMP280_CalibrationData
    {
        //BMP280 Registers
        public UInt16 dig_T1 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_T2 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_T3 { get; set; }

        public UInt16 dig_P1 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P2 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P3 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P4 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P5 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P6 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P7 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P8 { get; set; }
        public Int16 dig_P9 { get; set; }
    }

    public class BMP280
    {
        //The BMP280 register addresses according the the datasheet: http://www.adafruit.com/datasheets/BST-BMP280-DS001-11.pdf
        const byte BMP280_Address = 0x77;
        const byte BMP280_Signature = 0x58;

        enum eRegisters : byte
        {
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T1 = 0x88,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T2 = 0x8A,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T3 = 0x8C,

            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P1 = 0x8E,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P2 = 0x90,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P3 = 0x92,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P4 = 0x94,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P5 = 0x96,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P6 = 0x98,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P7 = 0x9A,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P8 = 0x9C,
            BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P9 = 0x9E,

            BMP280_REGISTER_CHIPID = 0xD0,
            BMP280_REGISTER_VERSION = 0xD1,
            BMP280_REGISTER_SOFTRESET = 0xE0,

            BMP280_REGISTER_CAL26 = 0xE1,  // R calibration stored in 0xE1-0xF0

            BMP280_REGISTER_CONTROLHUMID = 0xF2,
            BMP280_REGISTER_CONTROL = 0xF4,
            BMP280_REGISTER_CONFIG = 0xF5,

            BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_MSB = 0xF7,
            BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_LSB = 0xF8,
            BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_XLSB = 0xF9, // bits <7:4>

            BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_MSB = 0xFA,
            BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_LSB = 0xFB,
            BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_XLSB = 0xFC, // bits <7:4>

            BMP280_REGISTER_HUMIDDATA_MSB = 0xFD,
            BMP280_REGISTER_HUMIDDATA_LSB = 0xFE,
        };

        //String for the friendly name of the I2C bus 
        const string I2CControllerName = "I2C1";
        //Create an I2C device
        private I2cDevice bmp280 = null;
        //Create new calibration data for the sensor
        BMP280_CalibrationData CalibrationData;
        //Variable to check if device is initialized
        bool init = false;

        //Method to initialize the BMP280 sensor
        public async Task Initialize()
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("BMP280::Initialize");

            try
            {
                //Instantiate the I2CConnectionSettings using the device address of the BMP280
                I2cConnectionSettings settings = new I2cConnectionSettings(BMP280_Address);
                //Set the I2C bus speed of connection to fast mode
                settings.BusSpeed = I2cBusSpeed.FastMode;
                //Use the I2CBus device selector to create an advanced query syntax string
                string aqs = I2cDevice.GetDeviceSelector(I2CControllerName);
                //Use the Windows.Devices.Enumeration.DeviceInformation class to create a collection using the advanced query syntax string
                DeviceInformationCollection dis = await DeviceInformation.FindAllAsync(aqs);
                //Instantiate the the BMP280 I2C device using the device id of the I2CBus and the I2CConnectionSettings
                bmp280 = await I2cDevice.FromIdAsync(dis[0].Id, settings);
                //Check if device was found
                if (bmp280 == null)
                {
                    Debug.WriteLine("Device not found");
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Debug.WriteLine("Exception: " + e.Message + "\n" + e.StackTrace);
                throw;
            }

        }
        private async Task Begin()
        {
            Debug.WriteLine("BMP280::Begin");
            byte[] WriteBuffer = new byte[] { (byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_CHIPID };
            byte[] ReadBuffer = new byte[] { 0xFF };

            //Read the device signature
            bmp280.WriteRead(WriteBuffer, ReadBuffer);
            Debug.WriteLine("BMP280 Signature: " + ReadBuffer[0].ToString());

            //Verify the device signature
            if (ReadBuffer[0] != BMP280_Signature)
            {
                Debug.WriteLine("BMP280::Begin Signature Mismatch.");
                return;
            }

            //Set the initalize variable to true
            init = true;

            //Read the coefficients table
            CalibrationData = await ReadCoefficeints();

            //Write control register
            await WriteControlRegister();

            //Write humidity control register
            await WriteControlRegisterHumidity();
        }

        //Method to write 0x03 to the humidity control register
        private async Task WriteControlRegisterHumidity()
        {
            byte[] WriteBuffer = new byte[] { (byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_CONTROLHUMID, 0x03 };
            bmp280.Write(WriteBuffer);
            await Task.Delay(1);
            return;
        }

        //Method to write 0x3F to the control register
        private async Task WriteControlRegister()
        {
            byte[] WriteBuffer = new byte[] { (byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_CONTROL, 0x3F };
            bmp280.Write(WriteBuffer);
            await Task.Delay(1);
            return;
        }

        //Method to read a 16-bit value from a register and return it in little endian format
        private UInt16 ReadUInt16_LittleEndian(byte register)
        {
            UInt16 value = 0;
            byte[] writeBuffer = new byte[] { 0x00 };
            byte[] readBuffer = new byte[] { 0x00, 0x00 };

            writeBuffer[0] = register;

            bmp280.WriteRead(writeBuffer, readBuffer);
            int h = readBuffer[1] << 8;
            int l = readBuffer[0];
            value = (UInt16)(h + l);
            return value;
        }

        //Method to read an 8-bit value from a register
        private byte ReadByte(byte register)
        {
            byte value = 0;
            byte[] writeBuffer = new byte[] { 0x00 };
            byte[] readBuffer = new byte[] { 0x00 };

            writeBuffer[0] = register;

            bmp280.WriteRead(writeBuffer, readBuffer);
            value = readBuffer[0];
            return value;
        }

        //Method to read the caliberation data from the registers
        private async Task<BMP280_CalibrationData> ReadCoefficeints()
        {
            // 16 bit calibration data is stored as Little Endian, the helper method will do the byte swap.
            CalibrationData = new BMP280_CalibrationData();

            // Read temperature calibration data
            CalibrationData.dig_T1 = ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T1);
            CalibrationData.dig_T2 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T2);
            CalibrationData.dig_T3 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_T3);

            // Read presure calibration data
            CalibrationData.dig_P1 = ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P1);
            CalibrationData.dig_P2 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P2);
            CalibrationData.dig_P3 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P3);
            CalibrationData.dig_P4 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P4);
            CalibrationData.dig_P5 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P5);
            CalibrationData.dig_P6 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P6);
            CalibrationData.dig_P7 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P7);
            CalibrationData.dig_P8 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P8);
            CalibrationData.dig_P9 = (Int16)ReadUInt16_LittleEndian((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_DIG_P9);

            await Task.Delay(1);
            return CalibrationData;
        }


        //t_fine carries fine temperature as global value
        Int32 t_fine = Int32.MinValue;
        //Method to return the temperature in DegC. Resolution is 0.01 DegC. Output value of 5123 equals 51.23 DegC.
        private double BMP280_compensate_T_double(Int32 adc_T)
        {
            double var1, var2, T;

            //The temperature is calculated using the compensation formula in the BMP280 datasheet
            var1 = ((adc_T / 16384.0) - (CalibrationData.dig_T1 / 1024.0)) * CalibrationData.dig_T2;
            var2 = ((adc_T / 131072.0) - (CalibrationData.dig_T1 / 8192.0)) * CalibrationData.dig_T3;

            t_fine = (Int32)(var1 + var2);

            T = (var1 + var2) / 5120.0;
            return T;
        }


        //Method to returns the pressure in Pa, in Q24.8 format (24 integer bits and 8 fractional bits).
        //Output value of 24674867 represents 24674867/256 = 96386.2 Pa = 963.862 hPa
        private Int64 BMP280_compensate_P_Int64(Int32 adc_P)
        {
            Int64 var1, var2, p;

            //The pressure is calculated using the compensation formula in the BMP280 datasheet
            var1 = t_fine - 128000;
            var2 = var1 * var1 * (Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P6;
            var2 = var2 + ((var1 * (Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P5) << 17);
            var2 = var2 + ((Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P4 << 35);
            var1 = ((var1 * var1 * (Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P3) >> 8) + ((var1 * (Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P2) << 12);
            var1 = (((((Int64)1 << 47) + var1)) * (Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P1) >> 33;
            if (var1 == 0)
            {
                Debug.WriteLine("BMP280_compensate_P_Int64 Jump out to avoid / 0");
                return 0; //Avoid exception caused by division by zero
            }
            //Perform calibration operations as per datasheet: http://www.adafruit.com/datasheets/BST-BMP280-DS001-11.pdf
            p = 1048576 - adc_P;
            p = (((p << 31) - var2) * 3125) / var1;
            var1 = ((Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P9 * (p >> 13) * (p >> 13)) >> 25;
            var2 = ((Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P8 * p) >> 19;
            p = ((p + var1 + var2) >> 8) + ((Int64)CalibrationData.dig_P7 << 4);
            return p;
        }


        public async Task<float> ReadTemperature()
        {
            //Make sure the I2C device is initialized
            if (!init) await Begin();

            //Read the MSB, LSB and bits 7:4 (XLSB) of the temperature from the BMP280 registers
            byte tmsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_MSB);
            byte tlsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_LSB);
            byte txlsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_TEMPDATA_XLSB); // bits 7:4

            //Combine the values into a 32-bit integer
            Int32 t = (tmsb << 12) + (tlsb << 4) + (txlsb >> 4);

            //Convert the raw value to the temperature in degC
            double temp = BMP280_compensate_T_double(t);

            //Return the temperature as a float value
            return (float)temp;
        }

        public async Task<float> ReadPreasure()
        {
            //Make sure the I2C device is initialized
            if (!init) await Begin();

            //Read the temperature first to load the t_fine value for compensation
            if (t_fine == Int32.MinValue)
            {
                await ReadTemperature();
            }

            //Read the MSB, LSB and bits 7:4 (XLSB) of the pressure from the BMP280 registers
            byte tmsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_MSB);
            byte tlsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_LSB);
            byte txlsb = ReadByte((byte)eRegisters.BMP280_REGISTER_PRESSUREDATA_XLSB); // bits 7:4

            //Combine the values into a 32-bit integer
            Int32 t = (tmsb << 12) + (tlsb << 4) + (txlsb >> 4);

            //Convert the raw value to the pressure in Pa
            Int64 pres = BMP280_compensate_P_Int64(t);

            //Return the temperature as a float value
            return ((float)pres) / 256;
        }

        //Method to take the sea level pressure in Hectopascals(hPa) as a parameter and calculate the altitude using current pressure.
        public async Task<float> ReadAltitude(float seaLevel)
        {
            //Make sure the I2C device is initialized
            if (!init) await Begin();

            //Read the pressure first
            float pressure = await ReadPreasure();
            //Convert the pressure to Hectopascals(hPa)
            pressure /= 100;

            //Calculate and return the altitude using the international barometric formula
            return 44330.0f * (1.0f - (float)Math.Pow((pressure / seaLevel), 0.1903f));
        }
    }

    public class BMP280SensorData
    {
        public float Temperature { get; set; }
        public float Pressure { get; set; }
        public float Altitude { get; set; }
    }
}

SensorEventProcessor.cs

C#
using Microsoft.ServiceBus.Messaging;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace events_forwarding
{
    class SensorEventProcessor : IEventProcessor
    {
        Stopwatch checkpointStopWatch;
        PartitionContext partitionContext;

        public async Task CloseAsync(PartitionContext context, CloseReason reason)
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation(string.Format("EventProcessor Shuting Down.  Partition '{0}', Reason: '{1}'.", this.partitionContext.Lease.PartitionId, reason.ToString()));
            if (reason == CloseReason.Shutdown)
            {
                await context.CheckpointAsync();
            }
        }

        public Task OpenAsync(PartitionContext context)
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation(string.Format("Initializing EventProcessor: Partition: '{0}', Offset: '{1}'", context.Lease.PartitionId, context.Lease.Offset));
            this.partitionContext = context;
            this.checkpointStopWatch = new Stopwatch();
            this.checkpointStopWatch.Start();
            return Task.FromResult<object>(null);
        }

        public async Task ProcessEventsAsync(PartitionContext context, IEnumerable<EventData> messages)
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation("\n");
            Trace.TraceInformation("........ProcessEventsAsync........");
            //string commandParameterNew = "{\"Name\":\"AlarmThreshold\",\"Parameters\":{\"SensorId\":\"" + "Hello World" + "\"}}";
            //await WorkerRole.iotHubServiceClient.SendAsync("astranidevice", new Microsoft.Azure.Devices.Message(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(commandParameterNew)));
            foreach (EventData eventData in messages)
            {
                try
                {
                    string jsonString = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(eventData.GetBytes());

                    Trace.TraceInformation(string.Format("Message received at '{0}'. Partition: '{1}'",
                        eventData.EnqueuedTimeUtc.ToLocalTime(), this.partitionContext.Lease.PartitionId));

                    Trace.TraceInformation(string.Format("-->Raw Data: '{0}'", jsonString));

                    var newSensorEvent = this.DeserializeEventData("[" + jsonString.Replace("}", "},").Remove(jsonString.Length - 1, 1) + "]");
                    // SimpleTemperatureAlertData newSensorEvent = Jso(jsonString);

                    //Trace.TraceInformation(string.Format("-->Serialized Data: '{0}', '{1}', '{2}', '{3}', '{4}'",
                    //    newSensorEvent.Time, newSensorEvent.RoomTemp, newSensorEvent.RoomPressure, newSensorEvent.RoomAlt, newSensorEvent.DeviceId));
                    foreach (var eventhubdata in newSensorEvent)
                    {
                        // Issuing alarm to device.
                        string commandParameterNew = "{\"Name\":\"Room Temperature\",\"Parameters\":{\"SensorId\":\"" + eventhubdata.RoomTemp + "\"}}";
                        Trace.TraceInformation("Issuing Eventhub data to device: '{0}', from sensor: '{1}'", eventhubdata.DeviceId, eventhubdata.RoomTemp);
                        Trace.TraceInformation("New Command Parameter: '{0}'", commandParameterNew);
                        await WorkerRole.iotHubServiceClient.SendAsync(eventhubdata.DeviceId, new Microsoft.Azure.Devices.Message(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(commandParameterNew)));
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Trace.TraceInformation("Error in ProssEventsAsync -- {0}\n", ex.Message);
                }
            }

            await context.CheckpointAsync();
        }
        private SimpleTemperatureAlertData[] DeserializeEventData(string eventDataString)
        {
            return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<SimpleTemperatureAlertData[]>(eventDataString);
        }

    }
}

WorkerRole.cs

C#
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure;
using Microsoft.Azure.Devices;
using Microsoft.ServiceBus.Messaging;
using System.Configuration;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.ServiceRuntime;

namespace events_forwarding
{
    public class WorkerRole : RoleEntryPoint
    {
        private readonly CancellationTokenSource cancellationTokenSource = new CancellationTokenSource();
        private readonly ManualResetEvent runCompleteEvent = new ManualResetEvent(false);

        private static string connectionString;
        private static string eventHubName;
        public static ServiceClient iotHubServiceClient { get; private set; }
        public static EventHubClient eventHubClient { get; private set; }

        public override void Run()
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation("EventsForwarding Run()...\n");

            try
            {
                this.RunAsync(this.cancellationTokenSource.Token).Wait();
            }
            finally
            {
                this.runCompleteEvent.Set();
            }
        }

        public override bool OnStart()
        {
            // Set the maximum number of concurrent connections
            ServicePointManager.DefaultConnectionLimit = 12;

            // For information on handling configuration changes
            // see the MSDN topic at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=166357.

            bool result = base.OnStart();

            Trace.TraceInformation("EventsForwarding OnStart()...\n");

            connectionString = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Microsoft.ServiceBus.ConnectionString"];
            eventHubName = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Microsoft.ServiceBus.EventHubName"];

            string storageAccountName = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["AzureStorage.AccountName"];
            string storageAccountKey = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["AzureStorage.Key"];
            string storageAccountString = string.Format("DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;AccountName={0};AccountKey={1}",
                storageAccountName, storageAccountKey);

            string iotHubConnectionString = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["AzureIoTHub.ConnectionString"];
            iotHubServiceClient = ServiceClient.CreateFromConnectionString(iotHubConnectionString);
            eventHubClient = EventHubClient.CreateFromConnectionString(connectionString, eventHubName);

            var defaultConsumerGroup = eventHubClient.GetDefaultConsumerGroup();

            string eventProcessorHostName = "SensorEventProcessor";
            EventProcessorHost eventProcessorHost = new EventProcessorHost(eventProcessorHostName, eventHubName, defaultConsumerGroup.GroupName, connectionString, storageAccountString);
            var epo = new EventProcessorOptions
            {
                MaxBatchSize = 100,
                PrefetchCount = 10,
                ReceiveTimeOut = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(20),
                InitialOffsetProvider = (name) => DateTime.Now.AddDays(-7)               
            };
            epo.ExceptionReceived += OnExceptionReceived;

            eventProcessorHost.RegisterEventProcessorAsync<SensorEventProcessor>(epo).Wait();

            Trace.TraceInformation("Receiving events...\n");

            return result;
        }

        public override void OnStop()
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation("EventsForwarding is OnStop()...");

            this.cancellationTokenSource.Cancel();
            this.runCompleteEvent.WaitOne();

            base.OnStop();

            Trace.TraceInformation("EventsForwarding has stopped");
        }

        private async Task RunAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        {
            while (!cancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
            {
                //Trace.TraceInformation("EventsToCommmandsService running...\n");
                await Task.Delay(1000);
                
            }
        }
        public static void OnExceptionReceived(object sender, ExceptionReceivedEventArgs args)
        {
            Trace.TraceInformation("Event Hub exception received: {0}", args.Exception.Message);
        }

    }
}

IoTHub_Alerts

Credits

Kishore Gaddam

Kishore Gaddam

5 projects • 75 followers
Coder/Architect for IoT, Cloud Technologies and Mobile Apps, Azure Cloud, Amazon Cloud, Windows Phone 10 Apps, iPhone Apps, Scrum Master, Business Evangelist

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